Hysterectomy is a surgery that removes the uterus and cervix. Ovaries and fallopian tubes may or may not be removed. An accurate diagnosis is critical to the success of hysterectomy. If symptoms are not diagnosed, a hysterectomy to relieve discomfort.
Does hysterectomy is a complex decision, especially for women of childbearing age still. If hysterectomy is recommended by your doctor, it is important to consider short-term gains against the risks and costs.
Hysterectomy is something no one expected, especially for women who want more children. However, doctors often have no other way to permanently manage the disease outside of hysterectomy. Require different types of diseases, hysterectomy, including:
- Fibroids (benign tumors that develop in the muscular wall of the uterus)
- Cancer of the uterus, cervix or ovaries
- Endometriosis, a condition for the growth of endometrial cells in other parts of the uterus
- Adenomyosis, anomalies in the endometrium in the uterine wall (often called internal endometriosis) grew
- Uterine prolapse, a condition where the uterus falls into the vagina because of loose ligaments or damage to the lower pelvic muscles
- Pelvic inflammatory disease caused by infection
After hysterectomy, a woman no longer get ovulation and menstruation. It also means decreased production of estrogen and progesterone can be vaginal dryness, excessive sweating and other symptoms that often lead a normal menopause. Women salpingo-oporektomi or removal of both ovaries, hormone replacement therapy is generally subject to receive and maintain their hormone levels.
Hysterectomy can be performed through an incision in the abdomen or vagina, with or without laparoscopy. The abdominal hysterectomy is shown by some of the performance achieved in the case of a caesarean. Vaginal hysterectomy through an incision in the upper vagina. An instrument called a laparoscope through a small incision in the abdomen to assist in the removal of the uterus through the vagina, can be used.
Vaginal hysterectomy is superior to abdominal hysterectomy because of lower risk and faster healing. However, the decision of abdominal or vaginal hysterectomy is not just the symptoms of the disease, but also on the experiences and preferences of each surgeon based.
Hysterectomy is the surgical procedure is safe, but like any other major surgery, there is always a risk of complications. Some of them bleeding and blood clotting (hemorrgage / hematoma) abnormal reaction after surgery, infection and anesthesia.
Recovery plan and after surgery
Most women remain in hospital for one or two days after a hysterectomy and some stay to four days. Within four to eight weeks, most women in their normal activities with the resumption of sexual relations in 6-8 weeks. Recovery from vaginal hysterectomy is usually faster than recovery from abdominal hysterectomy.
The first two to three weeks of recovery should be mainly from the rest, no lifting. After two minutes, could be three weeks ago, most women begin to drive and some light work, and finally back to work, if not too painful. In the sixth week, most women are able to bath and later sexual activity.
During the recovery period of patients who are told, can not move very slow healing surgical scar. In terms of food, recommended, food, gas, how to create beans to avoid beans, broccoli, cabbage, and the food is too spicy. As with other operations, eat, drink protein-rich foods and lots of water helps the recovery process.